Beginning of Ramadan -2017

Determining the beginning of Ramadan causes conflicts in the Muslim world very often. Turkish Presidency of Religious Affairs applies correct regulations in the way that Qur’an ordains. As Qur’an orders making observations about the times of salat, It leaves the calculations about Lunar Calendar to groups of scientists.  Allah the Almighty commands:

“The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation” (Rahman 55:5)

“It is He Who made the sun a ‘dhiya’ and the moon a ‘noor’. He has proportioned it by stages, so that you may know the count of the years and the calculation. Allah created it as an independent being. Allah expounds his signs for a group of people who know. (Jonah 10:5)

Since there were no scientists to do the calculations during the lifetime of our Prophet (p.b.u.h.), he said as follows, being the only way out:

“We are an illiterate nation. We do not use writing or computation [in our fasting]. A month is so and so and so (and he pointed with his hands three times, folding the thumb on the third time, meaning twenty nine days) or so and so and so (and he pointed with his hands three times, meaning thirty days).” (Bukhari, Fast, 11, 13; Muslim, Fast,  4, 10, 12, 13, 15; Abu Dawood, Fast, 4; Ibn Majah, Fast, 8; Nasai, Fast 17; Ahmad b. Hanbal, 1/184; 2/ 43, 52, 122, 129.)

“Begin fasting when you see the Crescent (of Ramadan), begin the Eid when you see the Crescent (of Shawwal). If it is cloudy, complete the current month to thirty.” (Bukhari, Sawm, 11)

Nowadays, there are enough of scientists to be able to compute the motion and reckoning of the Moon and the Sun. Accurate principles were set at the International Crescent Conference held in 1978 led by Turkish Presidency of Religious Affairs.  Since then, lunar calendars have been prepared by the cooperative studies of astronomers and Islamic scholars.

In 2017, Ramadan begins on 27th of May.

Facebook'ta PaylaşTwitter'da Paylaş
Date: May 23, 2017
Other Fatwas In This Category:
#   Title Date Reads 
1 Is intercourse prohibited at Ramadan nights? 2011.08.16 6,533
2 What is the ruling on fasting in Shawwal ? 2017.06.29 2,952
3 Is it permissible to keep restaurants open in Ramadan? 2012.07.24 1,168
4 Getting weak from thirst 2013.07.28 1,446
5 Fasting of sailors 2013.07.30 1,064
6 Fasting without major ablution (ghusl) 2011.08.16 3,960
7 Why does one acquire merits of one year fasting six days in Shawwal? 2011.09.02 1,042
8 Does not the taste of toothpaste break the fast? 2017.04.27 4,730
9 Are manual laborers allowed to postpone their fasting duty? 2013.07.26 1,201
10 Fasting on a journey 2013.07.30 967
11 Is it legal to fast on Fridays only? 2011.08.16 2,433
12 Can we have iftar at places with alcohol served? 2011.09.06 1,580
13 Does brushing the teeth break the fast? 2012.07.27 6,800
14 Are extremely hot and long days an excuse for not fasting? 2013.07.25 1,898
15 Zakat and Fidya in Ramadan 2013.07.29 1,865
16 Do scented materials harm fasting? 2011.08.16 1,591
17 Does seeing a man/woman with swimsuit break the fast? 2011.09.06 3,329
18 Are there any special forms of worship for month of Muharram? 2013.01.03 1,010
19 Fasting of women during menstruation periods 2017.04.25 4,294
20 Consecutive Fasting in Muharram 2014.01.01 1,085
21 Does kissing break fasting? 2011.08.16 11,361
22 What should we be careful about in the summer in Ramadan? 2011.09.07 1,413
23 What is the ruling for fasting on Ashura Day? 2013.01.03 1,780
24 Fish caught by Non-Muslims 2013.07.22 1,315
25 Religious liability of children 2014.10.29 957
26 Eating or Prayer First? 2010.12.03 8,245
27 Does waxing break fasting? 2011.08.18 23,016
28 Does donating blood break the fast? 2017.04.27 4,381
29 Feeding non-fasting people in Ramadan 2013.04.06 1,209
30 Why do we fast? 2017.04.26 1,164
31 Beginning of Ramadan -2017 2017.05.23 1,457
32 Meaning of Ashura 2010.12.20 5,172
33 What is the ruling on people who don’t perform prayers (salat) but fast? 2011.08.18 2,427
34 How to fast after Ramadan 2011.09.07 764
35 Does taking pills break the fast? 2013.07.04 5,549
36 Fasting in Shawwal 2013.07.17 1,284
37 Skipping the fast as a major sin 2017.04.06 1,389
38 Intention (Niyyah) of Ramadan Fast 2017.04.27 2,719
39 Is delaying periods by using pills, to fast the whole Ramadan, permissible? 2011.08.18 3,018
40 What is the punishment for not fasting without a reason? 2011.09.07 2,465
41 Fasting of kidney patients 2013.07.02 1,738
42 Does tasting the dish break the fast? 2017.04.25 2,017
43 Fasting of pregnant and nursing women 2015.04.01 6,417
44 What is fasting? 2017.04.09 1,889
45 Can a person with Alzheimer’s fast? 2011.08.19 964
46 Does using suppositories break the fast? 2011.09.07 4,014
47 Does vomiting break the fast? 2013.06.22 7,939
48 Beginning of Ramadan 2013 2013.07.10 527
49 Fidyah of the Ramadan Fast 2016.06.15 3,534
50 Does the 40-Minute Fajr Time Mistake in Calendars Persist This Year? 2011.08.07 915
51 Should patients of diabetes fast in Ramadan? 2017.04.29 1,899
52 Does taking teeth out break fasting? 2011.08.13 1,080
53 The penalty of breaking a fast 2013.06.20 4,883
54 Water or date? What should we make iftar with? 2013.07.09 1,333
55 Is it allowed to pay fidyah instead of fasting in Ramadan? 2017.04.09 1,347
56 What should the sick, the old and the ones who cannot endure to fast do? 2011.08.17 1,357
57 I have to take medication due to reflux, can I skip fasting? 2011.08.19 1,377
58 Going to Iftar invitations or Tarawih? 2011.10.16 1,432
59 Swallowing tears accidentally while crying 2013.06.19 5,373
60 Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy 2013.07.08 697
61 Does sublingual medication break the fast? 2017.04.24 510
62 Does hair-dye break fasting? 2011.08.09 32,504
63 Should people suffering from diabetes, hyper/hypo tension and migraine fast? 2011.04.29 1,630
64 Does dying hair break fasting? 2012.06.05 4,973
65 Kissing lustfully while fasting 2017.04.19 8,811
66 My mother makes us iftar 30 minutes late. What should we do? 2013.07.06 2,535
67 Does taking injections or drips break the fast? 2017.04.24 872
68 Does having bath break fasting? 2011.08.09 2,252
69 When should one stop drinking before starting fast? 2011.08.21 2,922
70 Could you inform us about haraam months and blessed months Rajab, Shaban, Ramadan? 2012.06.06 1,343
71 Does holding hands break the fast 2013.06.18 4,906
72 Does applying creams or inhaling vaporizer gels break the fast? 2013.07.05 2,239
73 Swallowing water accidentally while fasting 2017.04.26 908
74 Which country should i comply with to begin Ramadan? 2011.08.13 1,088
75 Is it proved that Ramadan is 30 days? 2011.08.21 1,060
76 What should we do if we break the nafilah fast? 2012.06.27 1,240
77 Fasting without major ablution (ghusl) 2013.07.29 3,844
78 Fasting of patients who receive medication 2013.07.05 991
79 Who must give fidyah in Ramadan? 2017.04.26 506
80 Should we hurt people who do not fast in Ramadan? 2011.08.13 1,444
81 How many days should one fast upon breaking fast due to illness? 2011.08.22 1,409
82 Is it permissible to fast without ghusl (major ablution)? 2017.04.07 77,450
83 Paying a fee instead of fasting? 2013.07.28 3,453
84 Getting the period while fasting 2013.08.05 4,237
85 Does using asthma inhalers break the fast? 2017.04.13 2,274
86 What should one do if he had to take medicine while fasting? 2011.08.22 1,279
87 Does having a wet dream in the day time break the fast? 2012.07.21 4,305
88 Sleeping the day while fasting 2013.07.28 2,566
89 Compensation of unfulfilled fasting duties 2013.07.30 1,202