Praise And Thanksgiving

Hamd (حمد) is ‘praising someone because of something good he/she did’. Praising someone when that good thing was made for you is ‘shukr (شكر)’. In English, this is called ‘thanksgiving’. Praising someone because of something he or she owns without having spent effort is ‘madih (مادح)’ only; and we call it ‘praise’.

When you tell someone that he/she behaves you well, it is hamd, shukr and madih at the same time. Talking about the good thing a person did by saying, “He/She is good.” is hamd and madih, but not shukr. Saying, “He is tall and intelligent” is madih only because, he did not acquire those qualities by his effort. These are nested circles of praise, as can be seen below:

Every shukr is hamd and madih. Every hamd is madih but, may not be shukr. Not every madih is necessarily  hamd or shukr.[1]

The prefix ‘al’ at the beginning of the expression “Al-hamdu lillah” makes the word ‘hamd’ a generic noun, making the meaning: “All of hamd belongs to God.” Since the meaning of ‘hamd’ is ‘praising someone because of something good he/she did’, the meaning of “Al-hamdu lillah” becomes: “Doing everything right and well belongs to God.”

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ.

“Doing everything right and well belongs to God, the Lord of universe.” (Al-Fatiha 1:1)

 

 


[1].   Raghib al-Isfahani, Mufradat, Art. حمد .

 

Facebook'ta PaylaşTwitter'da Paylaş
Date: Nov 8, 2015
Other Fatwas In This Category:
#   Title Date Reads 
1 The Traits That Make The Human, Human 2009.09.07 636
2 Iftidaa – Women’s Right to Divorce 2009.10.13 1,151
3 The responsibility of one who is not informed of the Message 2013.02.04 764
4 Compensation of unfulfilled fasting duties 2013.07.30 1,263
5 Combining of prayers 2014.01.01 1,850
6 The Situation Of Those Who Don’t Use Their Reason 2014.08.03 1,594
7 Marriage Testimony 2009.10.13 936
8 Are scholars successors of prophets? 2013.02.06 537
9 Zakat and Fidya in Ramadan 2013.07.29 1,964
10 Bid’ah 2014.01.08 1,150
11 Being Responsible For Your Thoughts 2014.01.17 1,363
12 Testimony Of Women 2009.10.13 1,427
13 What is the ruling of hudud law if we live in secular country? 2013.02.17 713
14 Fasting without major ablution (ghusl) 2013.07.29 4,003
15 Prayer of The Traveler 2014.01.08 1,954
16 Basmala 2015.10.11 1,209
17 The Saturday Prohibition 2009.09.07 5,292
18 Fasting Prolonged At Least Forty Minutes in Turkey 2010.08.20 1,838
19 Is terrorism part of Islam? 2013.02.17 1,373
20 Paying a fee instead of fasting? 2013.07.28 3,601
21 The purpose of iddah 2014.01.29 4,700
22 Christianity Today 2015.11.04 1,215
23 Baqara – Sacrificial Bull Issue 2010.11.04 1,356
24 Eid al-Fitr 2016 2016.07.04 1,375
25 Marriage without an authority (Wali) 2013.02.24 1,445
26 Are extremely hot and long days an excuse for not fasting? 2013.07.25 1,975
27 Mentioning God’s name while slaughtering animals 2014.03.07 1,356
28 Praise And Thanksgiving 2015.11.08 1,165
29 Relation Between Sleep and Death 2014.11.07 9,899
30 Period of zakat 2015.08.14 1,781
31 What about the missed worship before Islam? 2010.09.25 602
32 Fasting of women during menstruation periods 2017.04.25 4,573
33 Women in prayers 2014.03.16 2,593
34 Muslims Today 2015.11.03 1,744
35 Method to Understand Quran 2010.12.28 1,456
36 Did any fatwas come from Madhhab’s Imams about candle nights? 2012.02.06 448
37 Does Islam provide freedom of religion? 2013.03.04 761
38 Sects 2013.07.07 861
39 Intercession of prophets 2014.03.23 835
40 Introduction 2009.09.04 762
41 Kitabi Tahrif 2009.09.17 887
42 What is the ruling on taking drugs that include alcohol? 2011.09.11 530
43 Interest 2013.03.26 702
44 Should women cook for their husbands? 2013.07.01 14,483
45 Punishment For Apostasy In Islam 2014.05.17 1,737
46 Common Belief Mistakes – Preface 2010.09.06 802
47 Did The Jews Swear To Rebel? 2009.09.17 625
48 Do rich people have priority over poor people to get into the Garden 2013.01.21 535
49 Is Islam a religion of war, or peace? 2013.03.05 1,270
50 Does vomiting break the fast? 2013.06.22 8,393
51 Beginning of Ramadan -2017 2017.05.23 1,629
52 Religiousness in Quran 2009.09.07 892
53 Shortening of Ajal 2010.10.13 2,257
54 Is a convert responsible for the prayers he missed? 2013.05.25 610
55 What is the meaning of “people that your right hands possess”? 2013.04.15 4,337
56 The penalty of breaking a fast 2013.06.20 5,127
57 Touching and Reciting Qur’an Without Ablution or Ghusl 2016.03.30 9,934
58 Tesbih And Takdis 2009.09.07 1,331
59 Duty of the Intercessor 2010.09.25 733
60 Abrogation (Naskh) and Stoning Punishment (Rajm) 2011.10.30 2,017
61 Religion Difference in Marriage 2013.06.10 980
62 Dowry 2013.06.15 2,644
63 Nabi and Rasul According to The Qur’an and Traditional Islam 2014.12.14 4,477
64 Who Goes to Heaven 2009.09.07 2,101
65 Intercession 2009.09.17 1,012
66 Will Jesus Return to Earth? 2017.06.08 2,369
67 Wearing scarf while reciting Quran 2012.09.07 1,363
68 False Roots of Fatalism in Islam – Destiny and Measure 2013.08.03 2,057
69 Deifying The Prophets 2015.11.01 1,630
70 The Religions 2009.09.07 955
71 Questioning Sentences 2009.10.13 725
72 Spouses of Different Religions 2016.11.08 4,440
73 Women Travelling Alone 2013.08.26 3,181
74 Istikhara 2013.09.01 1,347
75 Is Five Times Prayer Mentioned in the Quran? 2016.06.13 4,292
76 Explanation of the verses 11-16 in surah al-Hajj 2009.09.07 3,497
77 Violence Against Women 2010.10.20 2,259
78 Is there a special form of worship to perform in the month of Muharram? 2017.09.22 1,275
79 Working of women 2017.07.05 3,940
80 Does Islam Focus on Men? 2013.11.23 516
81 CAPTIVITY, SLAVERY & CONCUBINAGE ACCORDING TO THE QUR’AN 2017.05.27 960
82 Munafiq – Hypocrite 2009.09.07 3,317
83 Friday Prayer – Salat of Juma 2009.10.13 1,444
84 What is the ruling on fasting the Ashura Day? 2017.09.24 2,518
85 Supervision in marriage 2013.08.07 846
86 Hadith 2013.12.08 1,040
87 Sealing of Hearts 2017.05.18 416
88 Kafir (pl:Kuffar) – Concealer 2009.09.07 1,668
89 Fidyah of the Ramadan Fast 2016.06.15 3,758
90 Does shopping on Ashura increase abundance? 2013.01.03 943
91 Getting the period while fasting 2013.08.05 4,465
92 Places of Worship 2013.12.14 1,177