Islam and the Quran

Duty of the Intercessor

The Glorified Allah commands: “Allah is He besides Whom there is no god, the Everliving, the Self-subsisting by Whom all subsist; slumber does not overtake Him nor sleep; whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is His; who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot comprehend anything out of His knowledge except what He pleases, His knowledge extends over the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of them both tires Him not, and He is the Most High, the Great.[1](Al-Baqara/ The Cow 2/255)

On that day they shall follow the inviter, there is no crookedness in him, and the voices shall be low before the Beneficent God so that you shall not hear aught but a soft sound.

On that day shall no intercession avail except of him whom the Beneficent God allows and whose word He is pleased with.

He knows what is before them and what is behind them, while they do not comprehend it in knowledge.
(Ta-Ha 20/108-110)

He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves and for fear of Him they tremble. ” (Al-Anbya/The Prophets 21/28)
The verses show that none of the intercessors is a savior. This, because only people who Allah gives the right to take others into their intercession can do this toward people Allah wants to. While on the other hand people await for saviors.
People who have not died as unbelievers but still have sinned, might be forgiven. The Glorified Allah commands: “Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, and forgives what is besides that to whomsoever He pleases; and whoever associates anything with Allah, he devises indeed a great sin.” (An-Nisa/ Women 4/48)
It is obvious that all sins including shirk can be forgiven via repentance, but still there are people who have died without repenting. The Glorified Allah commands: “And whoever does evil or acts unjustly to his soul, then asks forgiveness of Allah, he shall find Allah Forgiving, Merciful” (An-Nisa/ The Women 4/110)
Necessarily, there are sins to be punished with eternal hell. The verses below show that punishment for those who commit sins like the exclaiming for the help of another god beside Allah, the unjust murdering (of innocents), and prostitution is eternal hell.

And those who do not call upon another god with Allah nor slay a soul, which Allah has forbidden except for the requirements of justice, nor (who) commit fornication;- and he who does this shall find a requital of sin.

The punishment shall be doubled to him on the day of resurrection, and he shall abide therein in abasement
(Furqan 25/68-69)

Those who swallow down usury do not act differently from whom Shaitan has prostrated by (his) (tricky) touch[2]. That is because they say, trading is only like usury; and Allah has allowed trading and forbidden usury. To whomsoever then the admonition has come from his Lord, then he desists, he shall have what has already passed, and his affair is in the hands of Allah; and whoever returns (to it)– these arc the inmates of the fire; they shall abide in it” (Al Baqara/ The Cow 2/ 275)
Except for shirk, that the other big sins can be forgiven, we have been enlightened by our Prophet (s.a. v.) with this hadith about intercession: “Every Prophet has a wish to be accepted by Allah. I spared mine for the Judgment Day when I will ask the intercession for my people. If Allah wishes, those from my people who died without committing shirk will attain.[3]
“My intercession is for those of my people who committed from the big sins.” Jabir, the narrator, then said: “What for should one, that has no big sins on his shoulders, need intercession![4]
Jabir is quite right in his claim, because the Glorified Allah commands:
“If Allah wants to forgive somebody who has committed any/one from the big sins, he assigns somebody to take this person into intercession, so that he becomes the intercessor of a person who has a committed a/from the big sins, except for shirk.[5]
The Glorified Allah, revolving these words to our Prophet, commands: “O you who believe! spend out of what We have given you before the day comes in which there is no bargaining, neither any friendship nor intercession, and the unbelievers– they are the unjust.” (Al Baqara/ The Cow 2/254)

[1] Al Baqara 2/255
[2] The word mentioned in the verse exactly can be translated as ‘touch and shove’, but in our opinion this word by word translation does not express the meaning endorsed in the Arabic expression.
[4]Tirmidhi, Sunan, Kiyamet 12, (2436)
[5] The Messenger of Allah (s.a.v.) in relation with this issue claimed:
Guard upon seven things that will lead you to disaster?
And what are them o Messenger of Allah?
The attribution of a partner to Allah, conjuring, except for righteous reasons the harming of a soul Allah claimed as untouchable, usury,  overtaking or consuming from the belongings of an orphan, the dissertation from the battle while attacking the enemy in collectivity, and shamming immorality for a honest believer woman who has nothing to do with it. (Buhari, vesaya 23; Muslim, Faith 145)

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