‘Din’- religion- is an Arabic word derived from the root ‘deyn’, which morphologically is a noun or an infinitive suffix. Jawhari gives three definitions for the term ‘din’; practice and condition, punishment and reward, and finally submission concluding that the last is what ‘din’-the religion- is.
Ragib claimed that ‘din’ encounters both the meanings; reward and submission. While Ibn Mansour had added account and Islam to the previous ones concluding that ‘deyn’ was the infinitive suffix while ‘din’ itself was a noun.
Zebidi beside the verses and the hadiths illustrating his claim with a number of Arabic poems as evidence stated that the word ‘din’ had more than twenty meanings but the specific term encountered two different meanings as mentioned before.
The translator Asim Efendi mentioned thirty meanings referring to the word ‘din’. The ones that closely refer to the term ‘din’ -as religion- are; punishment and reward, Islam, custom and practices, obedience,account, dominion, Triumph, sovereignty, kingship, rule, decree, pleasure giving ibadet, population, Sheri’a, submission
(I am) worthy of not saying anything about Allah except the truth: I have come to you indeed with clear signs from your Lord, so let the children of Israel go with me.” (Al-A’raf/ Purgatory 7/104-105)
Those who disbelieved from among the children of Israel were cursed by the tongue of Dawood and Isa, son of Mariam; this was because they disobeyed and used to exceed the limit.” (Al-Maeda/ The Feast 5/77-78)
They turn them away from the Path, but they think that they are being guided aright:” (Zuhruf 43/ 36-37)
And to those who believe not in the Hereafter, We have prepared for them a painful punishment.” (Isra/ Children of Israel 17/9-10)