As we all know, transplantation is one of recent issues. Islamic Fiqh Academy has taken the following decisions about transplantation, on 6-11 February 1998, in Jeddah. These decisions are the common sense of Islam scholars today:
Transplantation on the same body:
An organ of a person may be transplanted to another location on the same body as long as the pros of transplantation is considered to be more than cons. This operation may be performed either to re-create an organ that does not exist, or to normalize the form of an organ, or to make that organ fulfill its duty. Such transplantation may be performed to eliminate a defect on the body or an imperfection which psychologically bothers the person.
Moving Blood and Skin:
Tissues like blood and skin, that can be regenerated by the body are permissible to be moved from one person to another. In this case, the donor must be of full age, and there must be legitimate reasons to perform the moving.
Transplantation from the alive:
The healthy pieces of a sick organ that was removed from a person are permissible to be transplanted to another person. For instance, it is permissible to transplant the lens of an eye, which was eviscerated due to its defect, to someone else.
The organs on which the livelihood of a person depends, cannot be transplanted between bodies.
Human can live missing some organs, but their absence may cause some basic functions of the body to stop, e.g., transplanting both eye lenses. It is forbidden this kind of a transplantation to be performed from an alive person.
Transplantation from dead bodies:
The organs on which livelihood or basic functions of body depends may be transplanted from a dead body. Either the lawful will of the dead, or his beneficiaries must let transplantation happen in this case.
Selling organs is absolutely forbidden, because organs cannot be subject to trade whatever the reason is. There is consensus of scholars on this issue.