The Almighty God decrees:
“(The prescribed fast is for) a certain number of days. Whoever among you does not fast on those days because you are sick or on a journey, then (you should fast) the same number of days on other days. Those who are able to fast are also required to pay a fee (which is equivalent to the cost) of feeding a desperate person. ” (Al-Baqarah /The Cow 2:184)
The Arabic expression we have translated as “those who are able to fast” is clearly positive in meaning in Arabic, but scholars attempt to assign negative meanings to the expression just because the tradition says so.
Sticking to the correct positive meaning, the verse reads: “Those who are able to fast the Ramadan fast, are also required to pay a fee (which is equivalent to the cost) of feeding a desperate person.”