Tesbih And Takdis

 The Glorified Allah commands: “And when your Lord said to the angels: “I am going to place in the earth a khalifat. The angels: Will You place in it one who, mischief in it and shed blood? Whatever You accomplish is done therefore we submit You, You accomplish the perfect. He said: Surely I know what you do not.” (Al-Baqara/ The Cow 2/30)

Tesbih is a word that derives from the root ‘S-B-H’. ‘S-B-H’ in Arabic encounters the meanings of flowing in water or in air rapidly, swimming, and at the same time is the rotation of stars around themselves. It is rushing to work or the speedy horse run. The term ‘tesbih’ has been used to describe the rush in being slave to Allah[1].
According to this, the sentence “nusebbihu bi hamdike”, encounters the meaning “It is hamd the reason we become Your slave”. Adding the meaning of ‘hamd’[2], the complete meaning of the sentence is:  “Whatever Allah accomplishes is well-done, it is the reason we become Your kul.”
The word ‘takdis’ derives from the root ‘kuds’. Kuds means to be pure. ‘Takdis’ in the ‘teksir’ structure means to be classified as pure, purified. Kuddus is one of the names of Allah, which means stainless; extremely pure[3] and perfect. Allah’s stainless purity can be noticed in His actions. This is why “Nukaddisu lek” has been translated as “You make the purest, the perfect”.

[1] Mufredat S-B-H issue
[2] See the chapter titled “Hamd and Sukr”
[3] Mufredat K-D-S issue.
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Date: Sep 7, 2009