We had told the angels: “Prostrate to Adam” All of them except Iblis did prostrate. He said: “Shall I prostrate to him whom You have created of dust?” (Isra 17:61)
The Answer of Iblis
He said: “What hindered you so that you did not make obeisance when I commanded you?” He answered thus: “You have created me of fire, while You created him of dust. I am better than he.” (Araf 7:12)
Allah said: “O Iblis! What hindered you from being with those who make obeisance?
He said: “I am not such that I could make obeisance to a mortal whom You have created of black mud. (Hicr 15:32-33)
Allah said: “O Iblis! What prevented you from doing obeisance to him whom I have created with My power? Are you proud, or are you of the exalted ones?”
Iblis said: “I am better than he; You have created me of fire, while You created him of dust.
Allah said: “Then get out of there; for sure you are one of those who have been driven away. And surely My curse is on you to the day of judgment/religion.”(Sad 38:75-78)
The Punishment of Iblis
He(Allah) told him (Iblis): “Then get down of there (this state/level), for it is not suitable for you to behave proudly therein. Go forth; surely you are of the abject ones.” (Araf 7:13)
And on that day Allah will say: “Call on those whom you considered to be My associates. So they shall call on them, but they shall not answer them, and We will cause a separation by a hellish stream between them.
And the guilty ones will see the fire and they will know that they are going to fall into it, and they won’t be able to find a place to turn away from it.”(Kehf 18/51-53)
The Issues Iblis has faith in;
a- The Belief in the Afterlife
He said: “My Lord! Respite me until the day when the mortals are raised up.
Allah said: “Surely you are of the ones in respite. (Araf 7/14-15)
Allah said: “You are of the ones in respite, to the obvious day.” (Hicr 15/36-38)
b- The Awareness of the Right PathIblis said: “Then, I swear by Your Might that I will surely make all, but Your servants –the purified ones-, live an evil life.
Allah said: “This is the truth and the truth do I speak; I will most certainly fill hell with you and with all those among them who follow you.(Sad 38/82-85)Allah said: “Get down of there (this state) as you are despised and driven away; I swear that whoever of the mortals will follow you, I will certainly fill the hell with you and them all.”(Araf 7/18)
Allah said: “This is the right way with Me: surely you have no authority over My servants, except for those deviators, who follow you.
Surely Hell is the place they all will be united.”(Hicr 15/39-43)He had said: “Is this he whom You have honored above me? If You respite me to the day of resurrection, I will most certainly cause his progeny to perish under my command except a few.
Allah said: “Be gone! For whomever of them that follows you, surely hell is the recompense for you all, a full recompense.
Beguile whomsoever your power can with your voice; and collect against them your vociferous forces riding and on foot, and share with them in wealth and children, and hold out promises to them; but the Shaitan promises them only to deceive:
Truthfully, as for My servants, you have no authority over them. Your Lord is sufficient as Protector.”(İsra 17/62-65)Iblis’ Promise
And as for those who disbelieve in and reject My communications (verses), they are the inmates of the hell, in it they shall abide. (Bakara 2/36-39)Get down, most of you being the enemy of each other, and settle on earth for a period of time.
He said: “Therein will you live, and therein will you die, and from there will you be raised.”(Araf 7/24-25)He told them: “Get down from there (this state) all of you, being enemies to each other. Surely there will come to you a guide from Me. Whoever follows My guidance, will not go astray nor will be unhappy.
And whoever turns away from My Book, he will be expected by a straitened life, and We will raise him on the day of resurrection, blind.” (Taha 20/123-124)The Eating from the Forbidden Tree
Then they both ate from the fruits of that tree and their evil inclination were manifested to them. They both began to cover themselves with leaves of Heaven. Adam disobeyed his Lord and thus lost his way. (Taha 20/120-121)
They said: “Our Lord! We have been unjust to ourselves, and if You do not forgive us, and do not have mercy on us, we will certainly be of the losers.” (Araf 7/22-23)
Therein, they shall say while they contend with their idols, they say: “By Allah! We certainly were in obvious error, when we made you equal to the Lord of the worlds; and none but the guilty ones led us astray; so we have no intercessors, nor a true friend, now; just if we could return once more, we would be of the believers.
Most surely there is a sign in this, but most of them do not believe.
Most surely your Lord is the Mighty, the Merciful. (Şuara 26/92-104)AN EXAMPLE IN RELATION TO THIS ISSUEIn Turkey and in some other Muslim countries the Muslim woman is not allowed to cover. Those who favor this practice usually tend to claim that they are respectful to the religion and its commands and strongly reject to be denounced as enemies of religion.
He said: “I am not such that I could make obeisance to a mortal whom You have created of black mud.
– Is this behavior of Iblis denying Allah?
– Iblis doesn’t comply with only one of Allah’s commands; and this has been sufficient to conclude him as a disbeliever. While, Iblis has not denied neither Allah’s existence, nor, His Creating Might, nor even His Power. The Glorified Koran informs that after he went astray, he said: “Surely I am clear of you, surely I see what you do not see, surely I fear Allah; and Allah is severe in punishment.”(Enfal 8/48) As he had continued not to acknowledge some of Allah’s commands, these words have not saved him from becoming from the disbelievers.